Project “Kunene Complex and its Potential Subsurface Extensions”

The Kunene Project has been sponsored primarily by Anglo-American since 2021 and involves five Principal Investigators from UJ (Trishya Owen-Smith, Jérémie Lehmann), UP (Lorenzo Milani) and Wits (Grant Bybee, Ben Hayes), seven MSc students, as per Match 2022 (Thoriso Lekoetje, Agex Manuel, Lize Oosthuizen, Estian van Zyl, Tshepiso Sekhula, Jimi Vila, Casper Karadzandima) and several Honours students from the three institutions. The project coordinators are Hielke Jelsma (Anglo-American) and Jérémie Lehmann (UJ-CIMERA).

Our work is dedicated to clarifying the remaining scientific issues related to the geological evolution of Proterozoic AMCG (anorthosite, mangerite, charnockite and granite), such as their restriction to the Proterozoic, mechanisms of emplacement, petrogenesis, tectonic setting and mineral endowment.

We do this by studying the approx. 1.38 Ga Kunene Complex of Angola and Namibia, which is the largest AMCG complex in the world. Our multidisciplinary approach includes field mapping, structural geology, quantitative microstructural analyses, metamorphic and magmatic petrology, isotope geochemistry, geochronology, remote sensing and potential field geophysics.

Our research partners are the Agostinho Neto University in Luanda (Angola), University of Geneva (Switzerland), University of British Columbia (Canada), University of Cape Town (South Africa) and the University of Cambridge (United Kingdom).

The aims of the project are:

  • (i) to assist Anglo-American in better identifying areas that are prospective for Ni-Cu-(Co-PGE);
  • (ii) to train the next generation of Southern African geoscientists;
  • (iii) to produce high-quality and impactful research; and
  • (iv) to build strategic relationships with institutions in Angola, by capacity building, training of students and collaborative research.

For further information regarding the Kunene project, kindly contact Jérémie Lehmann (


A group photo from a two-day face-to-face meeting in Johannesburg involving Anglo geoscientists and principal investigators and students from UJ, Wits and UP