Professor Rais Latypov
Rais Latypov is graduated from the Department of Mineralogy of the Leningrad State University, Russia in 1991 and subsequently gained Academic degree of Candidate of Science in Geology and Mineralogy from Institute of Geology and Geochronology of Precambrian, Russia, in 1995 and then a PhD from the University of Oulu, Finland, in 2002. He became an Adjunct Professor in Igneous Petrology, in 2004 and then an Academic Research Fellow at the Department of Geosciences, University of Oulu, Finland, in 2007. He is currently a Professor of Igneous and Ore Petrology at the School of Geosciences, University of Witwatersrand. He is specializing in the field of igneous petrology and especially qualified in the study of the processes of magma differentiation, crystallization and solidification in mafic dykes, dolerite sills and large mafic-ultramafic layered intrusions and related deposits. His current research interests cover the following major topics: (1) origin of platinum group elements, massive magnetite and chromitite deposits in layered mafic-ultramafic intrusions; (2) the role of large asteroid impacts in generation and emplacement of endogenous magmas and related massive sulfide deposits; (3) geodynamic position and genesis of Alaska-type concentrically-zoned ultramafic complexes and related chromite and PGE deposits; (4) magma dynamics and differentiation processes in massive sulfide bodies; (5) dynamics of crustal magma transfer and magma evolution in basaltic conduits (dykes); (6) emplacement mechanisms and magmatic differentiation in mafic/ultramafic sills; (7) processes of magma differentiation, crystallization and solidification in large layered intrusions. Over the last 10 years, he published a series of papers setting out a novel concept for origin of platinum and chromium ore deposits in magma chambers by in situ crystallization along the chamber floor from a basal layer of chromite-saturated melts. He published over 60 research articles, mostly in major international journals, with over 900 citations and an h-index of 17 (Google Scholar). He is an NRF rated researcher with “Internationally Acknowledged Researcher Award (B3)”.
Most recent peer-reviewed scientific journal articles
- Latypov, R. M., Chistyakova, S. Yu., Grieve, R. & Huhma, H. (2019). Evidence for igneous differentiation in Sudbury Igneous Complex and impact-driven evolution of terrestrial planet proto-crusts. Nature Communications, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-08467-9.
- Chistyakova, S. Yu., Latypov, R. M., Hunt, E. J. & Barnes, S. (2019). Merensky-type platinum deposits and a reappraisal of magma chamber paradigms. Scientific Reports, 9:8807, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-45288-8.
- Chistyakova, S., Latypov, R. & Youlton, K. (2019). Multiple Merensky Reefs of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 174:26, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00410-019-1562-x.
- Latypov, R., Chistyakova, S., van der Merwe, J. & Westraat, J. (2019). A note on the erosive nature of potholes in the Bushveld Complex. South African Journal of Geology 122.4, 555-560, doi:10.25131/sajg.122.0042.
- Hunt, E., Latypov, R. & Horváth, P. (2018). The Merensky Cyclic Unit, Bushveld Complex, South Africa: reality or a myth? Minerals 8 (144), doi:10.3390/min8040144.
- Latypov, R. M., Costin, G., Chistyakova, S. Yu, Hunt, M., Mukherjee, R. & Naldrett, A. (2018). Platinum-bearing chromite layers are caused by pressure reduction during magma ascent. Nature Communications, doi: 10.1038/s41467-017-02773-w.
- Latypov, R. M., Chistyakova, S. Yu. & Kramers, J. (2017). Arguments against syn-magmatic sills in the Bushveld Complex. South African Journal of Geology 120(4), 565-574, doi:10.25131/gssajg.120.4.565.
- Latypov, R. M., Chistyakova, S. Yu. & Mukherjee, R. (2017). A novel hypothesis for origin of massive chromitites in the Bushveld Igneous Complex. Journal of Petrology 5(10), 1899-1940, doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egx077.
- Latypov, R. M., Chistyakova, S. Yu., Barnes, S. J. & Hunt, M. (2017). Origin of platinum deposits in layered intrusions by in situ crystallization: evidence from undercutting Merensky Reef of the Bushveld Complex. Journal of Petrology 58, 715-762, doi: 10.1093/petrology/egx032.
- Mukherjee, R., Latypov, R. & Balakrishnan, A. (2017). An intrusive origin of some UG-1 chromitite layers in the Bushveld Igneous Complex, South Africa: insights from field relationships. Ore Geology Reviews 90, 94-109, doi.org/10.1016/j.oregeorev.2017. 03.008.
- Pebane, M. & Latypov, R. (2017). The significance of magmatic erosion for bifurcation of UG1 chromitite layers in the Bushveld Complex. Ore Geology Reviews 90, 65-93, doi.org/10.1016/j.oregeorev.2017.02.026.
- Latypov, R. M., Chistyakova, S. Yu., Page, A. & Hornsey, R. (2015). Field evidence for the in situ crystallization of the Merensky Reef. Journal of Petrology 12, 2341-2372, doi:10.1093/petrology /egv023.