Professor Raymond Durrheim

School of Geosciences, University of the Witwatersrand,
+27 (083) 677 8778
Geophysics, seismology, exploration, earthquakes, mining, geohazards

Raymond Durrheim (PhD, Witwatersrand, 1990) holds the South African Research Chair in Exploration, Earthquake and Mining Seismology at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. He is co-director of the AfricaArray research and capacity-building programme, was co-leader of the Japanese-South African collaborative project “Observational studies in South African mines to mitigate seismic risks” (2010-2015), and is a principal investigator of the International Continental scientific Drilling Program (ICDP) project “Drilling into seismogenic zones of M2.0 – M5.5 earthquakes from deep South African gold mines” (DSeis, 2016-present). He is the author or co-author of more than 150 refereed articles, and was co-author of the article that received the Society of Exploration Geophysicists (SEG) award for the best paper published in Geophysics in 2012. He was president of the South African Geophysical Association (SAGA) in 1995/96 and was awarded SAGA’s highest honour, the Krahmann Memorial Medal, in 2015. He is a fellow of the South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy.

Pertinent publications

Corner, B and Durrheim, R, 2018, An integrated geophysical and geological interpretation of southern Africa, In: Geology of Southwest Gondwana, S Siegesmund et al. (editors), Springer series: Regional Geology Reviews, pp. 19-61.

Durrheim, RJ, 2017, Microseismic monitoring technologies for deep mining, In Rock Mechanics and Engineering, Vol. 4: Excavation, Support and Monitoring, Xia-Ting Feng (editor), CRC Press/Balkema, pp. 339-364.

Durrheim, R.J., Manzi, M.S.D. and Webb, S.J., 2021, Exploration Geophysics, In Encyclopedia of Geology (2nd Edition), D. Alderton and S.A. Elias (Eds), pp. 219-234, Academic Press, ISBN 9780081029091,

Isiaka, AI, Durrheim, RJ, Manzi, MSD and Andreoli, MAG, 2017, 3D Seismic Analysis of the AK Fault, Orange Basin, South Africa: Implications for Hydrocarbon Leakage and offshore Neotectonics, Tectonophysics, 721, 477-490.

Kinnaird, J and Durrheim, R, 2019, Developing accurate and accessible geoscience data for sustainable mining in Africa, In: Africa’s Mineral Fortune: The Science and Politics of Mining and Sustainability, S. H. Ali, N. Collins, and K. Sturman (Eds), Routledge, pp. 71-86

Malehmir, A, R Durrheim, G Bellefleur, M Urosevic, C Juhlin, DJ White, B Milkereit and G Campbell, 2012, Seismic methods in mineral exploration and mine planning: A general overview of past and present case histories and a look into future, Geophysics, 77, WC173-WC190, doi: 10.1190/GEO2012-0128.1.

Malehmir, A, E Koivisto, M Manzi, S Cheraghi, RJ Durrheim, G Bellefleur, KAA Hein and N King, 2014, A review of reflection seismic investigations in three major metallogenic regions: the Kevitsa Ni-Cu-PGE district (Finland), Witwatersrand goldfields (South Africa), and the Bathurst Mining Camp (Canada), Ore Geology Reviews, 56, 423-441.

Manzi, MSD, RJ Durrheim, KAA Hein, and N King, 2012, 3D edge detection seismic attributes to map potential conduits for water and methane in deep gold mines in the Witwatersrand basin, South Africa. Geophysics, 77, WC133-WC147, doi: 10.1190/GEO2012-0135.1.

Manzi, MS, Hunt, EJ and Durrheim, RJ, 2019, 3D reflection seismics for gold and platinum exploration, mine development and safety: case studies from the Witwatersrand Basin and Bushveld Complex (South Africa), In Ore Deposits: Origin, Exploration, and Exploitation, S Decrée and L Robb (Eds), AGU Geophysical Monograph 242, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., pp. 237-256.

Manzi, MSD, MAS Gibson, KAA Hein, N King and RJ Durrheim, 2012, Application of 3D seismic techniques to evaluate ore resources in the West Wits Line goldfield and portions of the West Rand Goldfield, South Africa, Geophysics, 77, WC163-WC171, doi: 10.1190/GEO2012-0133.1.

Mngadi, SB, Durrheim, RJ, Yilmaz, H, Manzi, MSD, Kgarume, T, Kuijpers, J, Ward, T, Roberts, D, Naoi, M, Moriya, H, Ogasawara H, Ishida, A and the SATREPS group, 2019, Integration of underground mapping, petrology, and high-resolution microseismicity analysis to characterise weak geotechnical zones in deep South African gold mines, International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, 114, 79-91.

Mngadi, SB, Tsutsumi, A, Onoe, Y, Manzi, MSD, Durrheim, RJ, Yabe, Y, Ogasawara, H, Kaneki, S, Wechsler, N, Ward, AK, Naoi, M, Moriya, H, Nakatani, M and the DSeis team, 2021, The effect of a gouge layer on rupture propagation along brittle shear fractures in deep and high stress mines, International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, 173, 104051,

Nwaila, GT, Durrheim, RJ, Jolayemi, OO, Maselela, HK, Jakaitė, L, Burnett, M and Zhang, S, 2020, Significance of granite-greenstone terranes in the formation of Witwatersrand-type gold mineralisation — a case study of the Neoarchaean Black Reef Formation, South Africa, Ore Geology Reviews, 121, 103572,

Onyebueke, EO, Durrheim, RJ, Manzi, MSD, Sebothoma, S, Zhang, S and Stettler, E, 2020, High-resolution integrated geophysical investigation at Lancaster Gold Mine, Krugersdorp, South Africa, Pure & Applied Geophysics, 177, 4845- 4870,

Samakinde, CA, Van Bever Donker, JM, Durrheim, R and Manzi, M, 2021, Application of seismic stratigraphy in reservoir characterisation: a case study of the passive margin deposits of the northern Orange Basin, South Africa, Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology, 11, 45-61,